Sunday, November 30, 2008

Bernard de Montfaucon - L'Antiquité Expliquée et Représentée en Figures

Bernard de Montfaucon (January 13, 1655, France - December 21, 1741) was a Benedictine monk and scholar in France. He is considered to be a founder of modern archeology. He published an edition of the writings of St. Athanasius in 1698 and a catalog of Greek manuscripts, Paleographia Graeca,: Sive, de Ortu Et Progressu Literarum Graecarum, in 1708.

His big achievement though was an extensive catalog of ancient Egyptian, Greek, Etruscan and Roman artifacts, sculptures and art, L'Antiquite Expliquee et Representee en Figures, in the year 1719. This was a massive 10 volume work. It alone contains 1120 plates and was a pictorial encyclopedia of gods, heros, everyday life, domestic customs, religious customs, and military actions of the ancient world. An English edition, Antiquity Explained and Represented in Figures, reduced to 5 volumes was published in 1721.

He followed this monumental work with an almost equally huge history of France, Monuments de la Monarchie Française, which appeared in 5 volumes between 1729 and 1733.

After the conclusion of this work and its enthusiastic reception (the entire edition of 1800 copies was sold out in two months) The regent, Philippe d'Orléans, wished that he become a member of Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, and he was elected in 1719.

It remained the book to go to for information on the ancient world into the nineteenth century.

Individual prints from the books on Ebay.
You can search for a copy at Use the search terms "L'Antiquite Expliquee, et Representee en Figures ," or " Bernard de Montfaucon." The fifteen volume set will cost between 15 and 30 thousand dollars,

Supplement 5 on the web: Montfaucon, Bernard de, L'antiquité expliquée et représentée en figures / Antiquitas explenatiore et schematibus illustrata (Supplement 5): Les funerailles / De funeribus. - Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

More on the web from the Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg.

Dessins de sculpteurs : Tome 1, Troisièmes Rencontres Internationales du Salon du Dessin

Friday, November 28, 2008

How to Draw Human Anatomy

 Life Drawing and Anatomy by Chuck Thorndike, 1940.

He published a bunch of drawing books in the 30s and 40s, characterized by a strong line and simple illustrational style. This one combines his drawings of anatomy with the drawings by other artists of figure drawing to make a good introduction to figure drawing and the essentials of anatomy for the artist.


The Male Skull, Profile
The Skull, Facial Muscles
The Male Skeleton
The Female Skeleton
Muscles of the Body, Front View
Proportions of the Body
Drawing from Life, Male
Drawings from Life, Back Views
The Female Skeleton. Back View
Muscles of the Body, Male BAck View
Muscles of the Body. female Back
Front View Figure, Line Drawing
Drawing from Life. Male Torso
Muscle Chart of the Torso
Memory Sketching from Life
Quick Sketching from Life
Life Drawing of Seated Figure
Life Drawing, Female Front View
Clothing the Nude
Dry Brush Treatment
Suggested Reference Works
Anatomy in Illustration
Anatomy in Sport Drawing
Anatomy of the Hands
Anatomy of the Feet
Supplies and Materials
Reproduction Process
List of Outstanding Art Schools

Paperback combining two other books by Chuck Thorndike: Cartooning, Caricature and Animation Made Easy (Dover Art Instruction), The Secrets of Cartooning - An Instruction Book on Humorous Drawing, and The Art of Cartooning: An Advanced Instruction Book on Humorous Drawings

Related e-book
A Guide to Better Figure Drawing by Cecile Hardy
Line of Action - Drawing from the Model - Creatively
Clothing the Figure Drawing
The Glamour Girl

Thursday, November 27, 2008

French Photographer Caillaud

Intriguing photo by the French Photographer Caillaud showing forced perspective in the human form.  I haven't been able to find out much else. 

Some work was published in PARIS MAGAZINE Revue Mensuelle for 1933 (numbers 17 to 28 inclusive), Moral, Jean; Schall, Caillaud, Brassai, Brandt et al. (photographers).
There is a copy at Use the search terms "PARIS MAGAZINE Revue Mensuelle for 1933," or " Caillaud."  This link is to various years of the Paris Magazine Revue Mensuelle available at A description of the Revue from the bookseller Autolycus: "Description: Sm. weighty folio orig. blue buckram, ruled in gt. on spine with red Mor. label gt. lettered. Pp. 710 ( Jaunuary to December 1933, complete, sometimes tightly trimmed) profusely illustrated throughout with b/w and colour plates, some actual photo plates, numerous drawings and cartoons; illustrated adverts. Fabulously evocative, atmospheric, risquee and "erotic" photos by Moral, Schall, Kertesz, Manasse, Brassai, Perkammen, Bill Brandt and many other fine photographers."

You can search for a copy at Use the search terms "Paris Magazine Revue Mensuelle," or "Caillaud."

Some more work was published in Formes Nues, Paris 1935.
 You can search for a copy at Use the search terms "Formes Nues," or " Albert Roux Mentzel."

Photos by Caillaud on Ebay.
Formes Nues 1935, at

Wednesday, November 26, 2008

Herbert Draper - Victorian Nudes

Herbert Draper was one of the premier painters of Victorian nudes. The illustration is of "The Vintage Mourn."

The description published along with this typogravure:

"A realist Mr. Draper certainly is not; but yet in all his work the influence of minute observation and elaborate selection is very strongly felt. It will be interesting to see what will be the nature of his progress in. coming years. At present he is working a vein in which the romance of history and the romantic aspects of nature are very happily blended; but whether this will continue to satisfy him as he approaches middle age must necessarily depend very largely upon the extent of the encouragement he continues to receive. It may be his good fortune to permanently secure and retain recognition so intelligent that he will be allowed the fullest scope for the development of his imagination, or he may find himself limited against his will by influences against which he will be powerless to struggle. Concerning his capacity as an inventive painter of imaginative subjects he has left no doubt, but latterly he has also proved himself to have peculiar qualifications as a portrait painter. He is a fine draughtsman, an able manipulator, and is particularly fitted by his analytical habit to observe and appreciate those details of character which have so much to do with the correct realization of an interesting personality. Whatever he does is likely to be done well; he has laid too secure a foundation for after-work to fail for want of proper contrivance. "

Links to another blog post on Herbert Draper with examples of paintings: Amy Crehore.

Another drawing at the Victorian Web.

Naiad on the website.

The Gates of Dawn, study for Icarus, Mourning for Icarus, by Herbert James Draper

Related books:

The Victorian Nude: Sexuality, Morality, and Art, by Alison Smith.
Empire of the Nude - The Victorian Nude, DVD.

Exposed: The Victorian NudeExposed: The Victorian Nude, by Alison Smith, also at

Review of the exhibition and the book.

Sunday, November 23, 2008

Jan de Bisschop - More engravings

Each engraving is from the combined books Paradigmata Graphices Variorum Artificum Voor-beelden der Teken-konst van Verscheyde Meesters and Signorum Veterum Icones published in 1671. The first three pictured show 3 views of the same sculpture.

Engravings by Jan de Bisschop on Ebay.

Jan de Bisschop by Jan Gerrit van Gelder.

Episcopius: Jan de Bisschop (1628-1671) : advocaat en tekenaar by Renske E Jellema (Episcopius: Jan de Bisschop (1628-1671) Lawyer and Draughtsman.)

Biography of Jan de Bisschop at the John Paul Getty Museum website.

This is a description of the book from the website
"Artist book with 51 beautiful large engravings by Jan de Bisschop. Extremely rare. Condition: as nearly always incompete. Please view the beautiful engravings! Many refrences can be found to Jan de Bisschop in art history books and on the internet e.g. from the Paul Getty Museum: Jan de Bisschop 1628-1671 was widely influential in art and art publishing. A lawyer by profession, he set up practice in The Hague around 1652 and later founded a drawing academy there. He mingled with an elite circle of intellectuals that included his friend and fellow amateur draftsman Constantijn Huygens the Younger. In addition to landscapes, de Bisschop made figure studies and drawings after classical sculptures and famous paintings, primarily by Italian artists. His publications, which reproduced antique sculptures and Old Master drawings, were instrumental in disseminating the classical style in Holland. He also designed title pages for books, mostly by classical authors, and published his own compositions. "

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...