Sunday, July 5, 2009

The Art Student's Guide to the Bones and Muscles of the Human Body: and Lessons on Foreshortening



The Art Student's Guide to the Bones and Muscles of the Human Body and Lessons on Foreshortening is available as a download from Figure-Drawings.com, and as a printed book from Amazon.com.

Johann Gottfried Schadow was a talented neo-classical sculptor working in Berlin in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He is famous for the quadriga on the Brandenburger Tor and the bust of Friederike von Preußen.


He became director of the Royal Academy of Art in Berlin in 1816 and this book is his first work dedicated to the instruction of his students in the basic anatomy of the human body. He used the prints of Albinus as a starting point and developed clear images of the bone structure and the muscular structure of the human body so that artists and sculptors would have a firm footing as they pursued their craft.

To these plates he added three plates on human proportions, a comparison of heads of youth and adult and old age, and a comparison of male and female, a second plate of typical proportions of the human form, and a third on the proportions of ideal form using classical Greek sculpture as the examples.


A third section is a careful analysis of the human head seen from various angles using the techniques of Albrecht Dürer, Jean Cousin and Johann Preissler.

The book was a revelation to students when first published in 1830, was still in use enough to be republished in 1892 and I think today's students of the human form will find it newly valuable for today's art and new media.


Human skeleton from the book.
Muscles of the head from the book.










Muscles of the body from the book.


















Heads by Albrecht Dürer and Jean Cousin.




He expanded on the plates on proportion and added 27 more plates to make his second book for students titled in English The Sculptor and Art Student's Guide to the Proportions of the Human Form or in the original German, Atlas Zu Polyclet Oder Von Den Maassen Des Menschen Nach Dem Geschlechte Und Alter.

Books at Amazon.com:

The Art Student's Guide to the Bones and Muscles of the Human Body: and Lessons on Foreshortening

The Art Student's Guide To The Proportions Of The Human Form

Kunstwerke und Kunstansichten: Ein Quellenwerk zur Berliner Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte zwischen 1780-1845 (German Edition)



An example of the classical sculpture the Venus de Medici and Dr. Schadows analysis of it.






This last image is that of a student working in the atelier of Dr. Schadow drawn by the student Emil Bendeman, in 1836.






Related posts:

The Sculptor and Art Student's Guide to the Proportions of the Human Form

Johann Gottfried Schadow - Die Zeichnungen

The Art Student's Guide to the Proportions of the Human Form

Related Books:

Albinus on Anatomy



Anatomical Plates Of The Bones And Muscles: Diminished From Albinus, For The Use Of Students In Anatomy, And Artists : Accompanied By Explanatory Maps



Anatomical Plates Of The Bones And Muscles: Diminished From Albinus For The Use Of Students In Anatomy And Artists (1807)


The Anatomical Plates of Pietro da Cortona 27 Baroque Masterpieces







Related book available as an e-book, soon available at Amazon.com:
The Art Student's Guide to External Anatomy





5 comments:

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    Erika

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